It is important for parents to understand how children learn and develop, www.tessais.org, in order to ensure that they reach the necessary milestones at the appropriate age. This said, each child is an individual and may learn and develop at a different rate. Some children may reach some milestones faster than others.
Not reaching the required milestones may point to some developmental issues or other physical and mental health conditions that could be holding the child back. The ability to understand how children learn and develop also gives parents the ability to provide them with the tools, techniques, and encouragement they need to develop optimally. Read more at blog post on how the imagination helps children learn
Some of the most important milestones include:
Walking should be achieved around the age of 1 year. However, this skill may be achieved as early as 9 months and late at 17 months. A child who is not walking by the age of 2 years may be developmentally challenged. Walking on the toes is one of the signs of Autism in children.
Children begin communicating early on in life first with facial expressions, then by pointing and gesturing and later by talking. Basic one-word communication skills should be noticeable around the age of 18 months to 2 years. At two years they should start combining words to form simple sentences. A child who does not make eye contact, gesture or babbles instead of forming words may be on the Autism spectrum. These could also be signs of a hearing problem, speech development problem or other learning disability.
3. Gross Motor Skills
Gross motor skills include running, jumping, skipping, balancing and other physical achievements. These skills are normally developed between the ages of 2 and 3 years and continue on into later life. Not developing these skills could be as a result of a physical or brain development problem. It could also be due to poor nutrition or low muscle tone. Muscles will not develop in order for a child to achieve gross motor skills due to a lack of physical activity and exercise.
4. Fine Motor Skills
The development of fine motor skills takes place from birth to 8 years old and include a variety of different milestones that must be reached within this period. These include hand and eye coordination skills like grasping an object, holding a pen or pencil and drawing, tying shoelaces, building towers, cutting with scissors, and many more.
5. Social Development
A child’s social development starts at home and progresses to interacting with other children (normally in a school environment) and then other adults. This is a very important aspect of development as children learn by copying behavior which is normally achieved in a social environment. It is essential to reach emotional milestones such as developing empathy and understanding as well as learning to control feelings. A child that is loved and nurtured will develop all milestones faster.
There are a variety of different techniques that can be used to help a child develop skills faster. It is however not recommended to push a child who is not ready to learn or develop a specific skill.